TESS is used to safely train personnel in the tactical operations of the AH-64D/E Attack Helicopter. Live training includes cooperative force engagements, evasive procedures, and the use of Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE). Player and Event Data is transmitted in real-time for display and tracking on the Modular Mobile Command and Control (MMCC). This provides situational awareness, player-to-player communications, decentralized engagement adjudication, Real-Time Casualty Assessment (RTCA), and After Action Review (AAR).
The A-kit includes the Tray Assembly for the Advanced Smart Onboard Data Interface Module (ASMODIM). It also includes modified software in the weapons display and systems processors with cable connection provisions. The B-kit includes the ASMODIM, Training Laser Designator (TLD), TESS Gun Control Unit (TGCU), TESS Training Missile (TTM), and GPS and Telemetry antennas.
The ASMODIM interfaces with air and ground vehicles to provide live fire and simulated weapons training. The ASMODIM is fully compatible with MILES and laser-based direct fire weapons. It also computes Geometric Pairing solutions and processes Simulated Area Weapon Effects (SAWE) data for all weapons. Aircraft and targeted vehicles are Geometrically Paired by their GPS positions for RTCA. The ASMODIM selects a target from its player position database in the appropriate weapons impact footprint, and computes Probability of Hit (Ph) algorithms specific to each weapon type and player type. It then informs the target via the data link that it is selected for assessment and passes RTCA feedback directly to the aircraft weapons processor and ground station through the onboard telemetry radio.
TESS enables pilots to safely perform aerial gunnery training without firing a round. Weapon systems acquire and engage TESS instrumented targets. TESS uses MILES and Geometric Laser Pairing to adjudicate all weapon engagements. SAL Missile and 30mm Gun engagements are simulated with MILES eye-safe lasers. RF Missile and Rocket engagements are simulated with Geometric Pairing. Pilots receive visual and audio cues in real-time.
The Training Laser Designator (TLD) will be permanenty embedded into the Phase III Modernized Day Sensor Assembly (M-DSA) for every AH-64D/E Apache Helicopter. The TLD is a self-contained subsystem consisting of a collimated Class 3R (ANSI) 904 nanometer (nm) Laser energy transmitter. A MILES Laser Transmitter enables simulated Rockets and Missiles when LBA TESS is installed and enaged on the aircraft. The TLD is controlled by the Training Laser Interface Adapter (TLIA) through an RS-485 serial interface. A second “Host” serial interface allows the Modernized Laser Spot Tracker (M-LST) within the M-TADS to receive BIT and status information from the TLD.
The TGCU is mounted within the 30mm Gun Turret and receives commands from the aircraft to control the TGCU and TLD. A new Boresight Tool Kit was developed to align the TGCU Laser with the aircraft target crosshair reticle in the TADS display.
The TTM mounts onto a pylon launcher and interfaces with the aircraft weapons processor to enable training mode and weapons emulation. The TTM replaces and emulates the Hellfire missile in size, shape and weight. A Flash Weapon Effects Signature Simulator (FlashWESS) provides visual signals of weapon firing events, and the Aircraft Kill Indicator (AKI) provides visual indication of RTCA status of the aircraft platform.
AV TESS instruments the UH-60 Blackhawk and CH-47 Chinook helicopters for collective training at U.S. Army Combat Training Centers (CTCs) and Home Stations. MILES Laser engagement capability is added by integrating the ASMODIM, Aircraft Kill Indicator (AKI), and GPS and Telemetry antennas. The AKI is a hermitically sealed, high-intensity strobe light that transmits standard “Hit”, “Kill” or “Near Miss” flash sequence indications when the Laser Sensors detect MILES Laser energy.
AV TESS is designed to interface with the CTC’s Core Instrumentation System (CIS) through the existing Army Aviation Data Management System (AADMS) network. The SMODIM processes signals received from the Laser Sensors/Detectors to calculate Real-Time Casualty Assessment (RTCA). Based on the outcome, the SMODIM controls AKI signaling, injects audio messages through the aircraft Intercomm System (ICS), and transmits event data through the telemetry network.
The Aviation MILES Detector Plate (AMDP) provides detection of 904nm MILES Laser engagements. Four assemblies per platform are installed to detect, identify and characterize MILES engagements. The MILES Sensors have a viewing window of 120°, 60° of the center line spherically. They are designed with a Built-In Test (BIT) capability and report BIT status to the ASMODIM. AMDPs are installed and connected to the aircraft Laser Warning System when the aircraft does not have the AN/AVR-2 Laser Warning System installed. The Plate is installed in the same location as the AN/AVR-2.
LUH-TESS provides dual capabilities for the UH-72A Lakota Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) to perform as an Observer/Controller (O/C) and Opposing Force (OPFOR). The LUH Offensive Weapons Capability is added to provide target acquisition and simulated offensive weapons capabilities for the OPFOR threat aircraft. Weapons are simulated with a MILES coded Laser. New platform integrated components include the Articulating Sensor Package (ASP) with embedded FlashWESS Laser Transmitter (FLT), Weapons Processor, Hand Controller and two Color Cockpit Displays.
The FLT employs a MILES coded Laser that provides weapons simulation for missiles, rockets and 30mm cannon. The FLT is manufactured by ICE and integrated inside the MX-10 Surveillance Turret manufactured by L-3 WESCAM. The combined assembly is called the Articulating Sensor Package (ASP).
The ASP incorporates the MX-10 turret with Infrared camera and HD TV produced by L-3 WESCAM, with a 904nm MILES Laser and FLT manufactured and integrated into the ASP by ICE. The ASP provides day/night video and communicates with the Weapons Processor for target acquisition and engagements. It interfaces to the existing LUH-TESS components and is mounted on the forward fuselage.
The Weapons Processor is the interface between the ASP and the LUH-TESS SMODIM. The Weapons Processor controls weapon events and interfaces with audio/video functions, ASP, and SMODIM. The Weapons Processor is packaged in a MIL-STD qualified enclosure and is installed in the avionics bay.
The Hand Controller articulates the ASP and controls the zoom and focus of the internal camera. A weapons trigger provides an offensive capability and indicates when the Laser is armed and active. Cockpit displays are integrated for each pilot to view situational awareness, targeting, weapon selection, rounds count, range and trigger pull.