TASS stimulates the Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE) when within threat detection and engagement ranges, requiring pilots to take appropriate actions for peer or near-peer threat avoidance. The stimulated ASE triggers the correct audio/visual cues to the aircrew, and inventories and decrements Chaff and Flare countermeasures. TASS replicates enemy Integrated Air Defense Systems (IADS) threats by providing interrogation, tracking and targeting of aircraft participating in combined arms Force-on-Force (FoF) training at the Combat Training Centers (CTCs). Incoming aircraft are detected by Opposing Force (OPFOR) acquisition systems. Acquisition data is sent to Command and Control (C2) for firing solution and launcher assignment. Firing data is sent to individual launching platforms (MAST, ASET IV, RSE). Launching platforms engage aircraft by stimulating the ASE B-Kit Emulator (ABE). Aviation TESS adjudicates the attack and relays status and performance parameters of the threat for display on the unclassified CTC-IS. At end-game TASS presents the user with computed miss-distance and probability of kill results to quantify the outcome of the engagement.
For TASS capability, the Advanced Smart Onboard Data Interface Module (ASMODIM) provides the platform ASE configuration. It hosts the ASE B-Kit Emulator (ABE), and transmits event data from the Ground Threat Emitters (GTE) over the telemetry network. The ASMODIM processes the event data and calculates the outcome for RTCA and Lethality Effect Assessment Routine (LEAR). RTCA and LEAR are based on Probability of Hit/Kill (PH/PK) as specified in PMT 90-S002M, MILES Communication Code. The ASMODIM maintains chaff and flare inventory, which can be replenished via Hand-Held Initializer (HHI), Universal Controller Device, or reset command from the CIS. A resurrect command will revive the ASMODIM, and leave the inventory as it was when killed.
The Training Laser Designator (TLD) will be permanenty embedded into the Phase III Modernized Day Sensor Assembly (M-DSA) for every AH-64D/E Apache Helicopter. The TLD is a self-contained subsystem consisting of a collimated Class 3R (ANSI) 904 nanometer (nm) Laser energy transmitter. A MILES Laser Transmitter enables simulated Rockets and Missiles when LBA TESS is installed and enaged on the aircraft. The TLD is controlled by the Training Laser Interface Adapter (TLIA) through an RS-485 serial interface. A second “Host” serial interface allows the Modernized Laser Spot Tracker (M-LST) within the M-TADS to receive BIT and status information from the TLD.
The Ground Threat Emitter (GTE) consists of an Instrumentation Player Unit (IPU) and an interactive display known as the GTE Controller Interface. The GTE communicates with the ASMODIM through direct player-to-player telemetry transmissions. The GTE provides the data interface, weapon emulation functions, GPS position, sensor processing, and telemetry communications. Threat data includes position/location, threat type, engagement status, and the aircraft Player Identification that the GTE is engaging. RTCA is indicated visually by the Status Kill Indicator (SKI) and audibly with a built-in alarm. The HHI is used to initialize, configure, and associate the player instrumentation units. Through the entry of tailored parameters, the user can match simulated system characteristics to those of specific equipment and systems.
The Aviation MILES Detector Plate (AMDP) is designed to support IADS training at maneuver CTCs. The AMDP is used in lieu of the AN/AVR-2B Laser Detector Set to “stimulate” the ASE during threat engagements. Engagement adjudication is accomplished through a MILES Encoded Laser on the Player platform and MILES Detectors on the Target platform. The AMDP interfaces with the ASMODIM to detect, identify, and characterize MILES Laser engagements. RTCA status is provided via wave files through the aircraft Intercom Communication System (ICS). The ASMODIM processes signals received from the Laser Detectors to calculate RTCA for the host helicopter. Depending on the outcome for a given event, the ASMODIM will control AKI signaling, inject audio messages via the ICS, and transmit event data via the Telemetry Network. Once adjudication has resulted in a kill, the player’s weapons system is deactivated, requiring reset or resurrection from the CTC CIS, or a controller gun.